Glossary & definitions PIM
Brush up on your knowledge! Discover all the words of PIM, DAM and PXM as well as definitions of terms from the omnichannel and e-commerce world.
An optimization technique that allows for the design and testing of two variants of a digital content or medium
Refers to advertising technologies used in the field of digital advertising or to specialised players offering such technologies.
Hierarchical organisation of product information or attributes.
Technical characteristics of a product.
Allows advertisers to preserve their image by avoiding the dissemination of their message in uncontrolled and harmful contexts.
A role that involves using analytical skills to achieve client objectives. A business analyst must be able to understand the issues faced.
A channel is a means of dissemination.
(or Product Repository) Refers to the product catalogues distributed by brands or e-merchants selling online or at a distance in the B2C or B2B world
Fields are the elements of a product sheet. There are several types of fields (text, date, choice from a predefined list, etc.) which allow the user to consult and/or enrich information.
Group of attributes.
The level of completeness of the product sheets allows, on the basis of rules defined on the fields, to know the state of progress of each product sheet and to easily visualize the missing contents. When this level reaches 100%, the product sheet is fully completed and can be published.
A connector is an input/output automatism of the PIM conveying data at a frequency and according to established rules. It allows data to be transferred to feed a target from a data source. Example: a PIM output flow can be used to feed an e-commerce site.
Refers to the fact that when a consumer needs to purchase something, they will consider a brand as a possible choice to meet their need.
A document is the product sheet containing fields to describe your product, your service, your look, etc. Depending on the Data Model you have defined. The most common example is the product sheet.
ERP, Enterprise Resource Planning, is the master tool in a company that allows for the management of all operational processes by integrating several management functions: order management, stock management, price management and product creation. Generally, products are not created in the PIM but are imported from the ERP into the PIM for enrichment and distribution.
Exporting is the process of extracting data from the PIM in the form of a file. An export can concern all or part of the PIM data such as products, media, templates, etc. There are several standard or specific export formats. The objective is to feed an output flow to a target such as an e-commerce site or marketplace.
Refers to all the emotions and feelings experienced by a person before, during and after the purchase of a product or service. It can also qualify the interactions a customer may have with a brand. The PIM makes it possible to optimise the customer experience.
It is about the feelings and emotions experienced by someone in relation to a product. It concerns the discovery of the prodct, its purchase and its use. A PIM enables this product experience to be optimised.
Data exchange format used in industry. FAB-DIS defines a unified and stabilised structure to simplify the creation and integration of files. A PIM is used to manage FAB-DIS files.
Attribute-value pair for front-end filter on items.
Standard used by companies in the food industry to better sell and digitalise their products. A PIM allows the management of products according to the GS1 standard.
Retrieval of data or attributes from higher levels of the classification tree.
Import is the process of integrating data into the PIM. An import can involve any type of data such as references, media, templates, etc. Imports can be manual or automated from a predefined source.
Indexing is the process of registering an item in the PIM database so that it can be referenced and that the new item can be found in a search.
Field sets and attribute sets allow one type of document to be used for multiple product types and to be customised. Field sets allow you to customise the fields of the document type. Attribute sets allow you to customise the fields of SKUs. Example: you have a document type "Colour reference" but the fields for a red jumper and a black shoe are not the same. That's what the sets are for.
A link connects 2 or more product files, for example in the context of managing additional and cross-selling (upsell/cross-sell). Let's take an example: you sell a jumper and you would like to offer the matching trousers and shoes. You therefore link the "jumper" product sheet with the product sheets of the other two items. The link can also be used to link 2 or more types of documents or media. Another example: an article with a supplier record, or a holiday in a village or several activities in the context of selling services.
A locale in a PIM corresponds to a language localised to a country. It allows the enrichment of multilingual data, which may be specific to a country. Example: For French we can have a single language covering 3 different countries. We will therefore have 3 locales: fr_FR, fr_BE, fr_CA.
The data model describes in an abstract way how your data is represented as : Document type -Attribute sets -SKUs -Media -Document links
The media stored in a DAM can be images, videos, documents. Ideally, the DAM is natively integrated into the Product Information Management tool.
Classification of products within a catalogue.
This term describes the product experience to which an individual is subjected in the context of a purchase on an e-commerce site. The PXM concept is related to PIM & DAM issues.
(or PIM) The activity or tool that consists of collecting, enriching, and distributing product information across different sales channels.
Product that differs from other products of the same typology by minor characteristics.
These are the variations of the same product reference. They can be, for example, sizes, colors, or materials.